Civil Cases for Crime Victims
A. There are many differences between a criminal case and a civil case (or lawsuit). Unlike a criminal case, a lawsuit does not involve bringing criminal charges that may result in a criminal record or prison. A survivor brings a lawsuit to recover monetary compensation for the harms that they suffered. In addition, a lawsuit can be brought against a negligent institution, such as a church, school, or foster care facility for failing to protect against the harms.